Reducing Reliance on Pesticides in Great Lakes Basin AgricultureBarriers and Opportunities
- 113 Pages
- December 1996
- 1.57 MB
- 1781 Downloads
World Wildlife Fund
Pesticides, Environmental Science, Great Lakes Region, Environmental Studies, Environmental aspects, Government policy, Great Lakes Region (North Ame
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: Reducing Reliance on Pesticides in Great Lakes Basin Agriculture: Barriers and Opportunities (): Polly J. Hoppin, Richard A. Liroff, Michelle M. Miller: Books. Reducing reliance on pesticides in Great Lakes Basin agriculture. Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund, © (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Polly J Hoppin; Richard A Liroff; Michelle M Miller; World Wildlife Fund.
“Reducing Reliance on Pesticides – The Case of the Great Lakes.” Global Pesticide Campaigner, World Wildlife Fund; Polly Hoppin, Richard Liroff and Michelle Miller; March ; Vol.C No. “Reducing Reliance on Pesticides in Great Lakes Basin.” World Wildlife Fund; page.
The pesticide use is concentrated in the corn- and soybean-growing areas of the southern Lake Michigan Basin and western Lake Erie Basin of the Great Lakes. Organochlorines (OC) such as DDT and dieldrin were the major pesticides used in the Great Lakes Basin prior to s. 1. Introduction.
The Laurentian Great Lakes in North America are impacted by a range of chemical contaminants due to direct and indirect inputs from industrial, municipal and agricultural sources (Muir et al., ; Blair et al., ; Hull et al., ).While there is an extensive data base for many current-use pesticides in the Great Lakes basin, there are data gaps related to several Cited by: • Pesticides don't just enter the Great Lakes via runoff.
In the s, scientists studying Lake Superior found alarmingly high levels of toxaphene, a pesticide banned in The Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy, signed by the United States and Canada inwas an agreement aimed to reduce several persistent toxic pollutants, including certain POPs, in the Great Lakes Basin over a year period.
The strategy provided a guide for governments and stakeholders toward the virtual elimination of 12 identified. 1. Introduction. Formal biomonitoring programs for persistent, bioaccumulative, and/or toxic chemicals in fish tissues have been operated by the governments of Canada and the United States in the Great Lakes basin since the 's (Gewurtz et al., a, McGoldrick et al., ).At their onset, these programs directly supported commitments made in the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
Great Lakes agriculture generates more than $15 billion a year in products from livestock, dairy, grain and corn, and it accounts for 7% of total U.S. food production.
The environmental issues related to agricultural practices directly shape the current and future health of both our water and our region’s farming economy. on both federal and Great Lakes state policies relating to such chemicals; and 4.
General observations on the challenges and gaps that constrain the ability to take national and regional action to prevent emerging chemicals of concern from entering the Great Lakes Basin and. Pesticides are (1) relatively easy to apply, (2) generally cost-effective and, (3) the only practical method of control in some situations.
However, the benefits of pesticides are not derived without consequences. Pesticides must be used with great care so that the health of humans, animals, and the environment are protected.
The Great Lakes Basin lies within eight U.S. states and two Canadian provinces and includes the lakes, connecting channels, tributaries, and groundwater that drain through the international sec-tion of the St. Lawrence River, combining for a total sur-face area of o mi2 (, km2) (USEPA ). Agriculture in the Great Lakes Basin.
Reducing Pesticide Reliance and Risk Through Adoption of the IPM: An Environmental and Agricultural Win-Win (Miscellaneous Publication Number pp. United States Department of Agriculture; Hoppin, P., Liroff, R., Miller, M. Reducing Reliance on Pesticides in Great Lakes Basin Agriculture.
World Wildlife Fund; Hoppin, P. Virtually all farms could significantly cut their pesticide use while still producing as much food, according to a major new study.
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The research also. Anna-Akrivi Thomatou, Ierotheos Zacharias, Dimitra Hela, Ioannis Konstantinou, Determination and risk assessment of pesticide residues in lake Amvrakia (W. Greece) after agricultural land use changes in the lake's drainage basin, International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, /, 93, 7, (), ().
The PLUARG study, through analysis of monitoring data of rivers within the Great Lakes, from detailed studies of experimental and representative tributary catchments, and from research of agricultural practices at the field and plot level, found that non-point sources in general, and agriculture in particular, were a major source of pollution.
The invasive sea lamprey remains the most significant source of mortality for many large fishes of the Great Lakes and represents one of the greatest impediments to the restoration of the native food web and the many economic opportunities and ecosystem functions it provides to human society.
The financial cost of applying pesticides to sea lamprey-producing streams across the Great Lakes.
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Co-author, "Reducing Reliance on Pesticides in Great Lakes Basin Agriculture". Great Lakes Science Advisory Board, International Joint Commission of the United States and CanadaTitle: Retired Founder and Executive.
Table Al Quantities of pesticides used by farmers on crops, livestock, and for other purposes, Great Lakes Basin, United States, Major use Crops^ Livestock Other5 Total Pounds active ingredients 1, pou 3, 27, Estimated based on use shown by the ERS Pesticide and General Farm Survey, One point of quiet debate concerns the role of herbicides and synthetic fertilizers within regenerative agriculture.
While conventional farmers using a regenerative, no-till approach tend to rely heavily on herbicides to manage weeds, organic regenerative farmers rely on a whole suite of other, less chemical and more labor-intensive tools.
Kendra Klein, a senior staff scientist with Friends.
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Drainage water phosphorus losses in the great lakes basin [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting, November, Tampa, FL. CDROM. Similarities in fish-habitat relationships within channelized agricultural headwater streams in Ohio and Indiana - (Abstract Only).
Great Lakes Basin: The Great Lakes Basin means all of the streams, rivers, lakes and other bodies of water that are within the drainage basin of the St. Lawrence River at or upstream from the point at which this river becomes the international boundary between. Pests & Pesticides Pests and Pesticides.
Pests are organisms that occur where they are not wanted or that cause damage to crops or humans or other animals. Thus, the term “pest” is a highly subjective term. A pesticide is a term for any substance intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest.
Though often misunderstood to refer only to insecticides, the term. Study area. The Great Lakes—Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario—and St. Lawrence River represent the largest surface freshwater supply in the world .Collectively, the Lakes drain an area ofkm 2 in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada.
Predominant land cover varies within the Basin and includes urban, agricultural, and forest. (ECB), specifically the Ohio River Basin and the Great Lakes Region.
Intensive agricultural production in this region has caused excessive nutrient and pesticide loads to the streams and lakes. Besides agricultural chemical issues, how to properly manage water on poorly drained lake plain soils and to reduce erosion and sedimentation from.
Sources: Intrauterine Growth Retardation in Iowa Communities with Herbicide-Contaminated Drinking Water Supplies, Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol.No.
3, March ; Reducing Reliance on Pesticides in Great Lakes Basin Agriculture,World Wildlife Fund; Jeff Morris, special review manager, EPA, personal communication, July 7.
Reducing reliance on pesticides in Great Lakes Basin agriculture. International Policy Program, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, D.C. International Policy. occurrence and fate of agricultural pesticides in sediments, and in aquatic and terrestrial life found in the Great Lakes basin.
Atrazine and metolachlor were measured in precipitation at nine sites in the Canadian Great Lakes basin in (OMOE ). Both were detected regularly at all nine sites monitored.
The detection of some pesticides. One of the greatest threats to the quality and health of Great Lakes and its tributaries is excess chemicals, fertilizers, and sediment from irresponsible agricultural practices.
There are many ways these pollutants enter our water, but runoff from single crop farmland and animal factory farms is one of the largest contributors to this problem. This pollution fuels harmful algal outbreaks. The Future Role of Pesticides explores the role of chemical pesticides in the decade ahead and identifies the most promising opportunities for increasing the benefits and reducing the risks of pesticide use.
The committee recommends R&D, program, and policy initiatives for federal agriculture authorities and other stakeholders in the public and.
same area is called a basin. ence River The Great Lakes contain about 18 percent of the world’s surface fresh water.
Visit ed for onment. s ch for ids s and cool to find t links. The Great Lakes Basin includes all the land area where waters drain into the Great Lakes .PDF | The NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Western Michigan University, and the University of Michigan are jointly developing a | Find, read and cite all the research you.pollution in the great lakes basin from land use activities ex library edition pages Posted By Alistair MacLean Public Library TEXT ID a54f3 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library environmental law association environmental defence description 1 electronic text 69 p col ill col maps digital file isbn print formats book back 0.
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